The SOAPSTone strategy can be used to teach students how to read and understand narrative and expository texts. Each text structure has unique characteristics and students can benefit from instruction on how “to read” and understand text. This becomes particularly important with implicit text and messages as many students have underdeveloped inferential skills. The SOAPS comprehension strategy includes the following: SOAPS- Speaker; Occasion; Audience; Purpose; Subject; and Tone
•Subject & Source—What and Who?
•Occasion—Context: What caused this?
•Audience—Who is this directed toward?
•Purpose—What was the intent?
•Significance—What effect did this have?
•Tone - The meaning, feeling, or intonation
So using the example of Patrick Henry's speech above, the students would go in depth in each of these to find share about Who Patrick Henry was, what caused him to give this speech, who the speech was both directly and indirectly intended to, what he hoped this would do, what the actual impact of it was and lastly how he felt in giving this speech.
Here is a link to a Google Doc which you can have your students use to analyze primary source docs using this SOAPSTone strategy.